1. Mammals: Among the marsupials include the black-eared muca (Didelphis marsupialis) and white-eared muca (D. albiventris), who always prefer the proximity of the water. The four eyes (Philander spp.) so named for having white patches above the eyes, are omnivorous and very abundant, usually nocturnal habits.
In the northern highland jungle (Amazonas, San Martin and Cajamarca) live the yellow-tailed woolly monkey (Lagothrix flavicauda), endemic to Peru and one of the rarest species of the Peruvian fauna. This species is protected in Abiseo River National Park and the Alto Mayo Protected Forest.
In areas of cloud forest live hairy armadillo. Grasses are found in the wild guinea pig (Cavia tschudii).
One more characteristic of rodents is the machetero or rucupi (Dinomys branickii) large head and very strong teeth, and black and white, with a tail of about ten cm long. It lives in hollow logs and in family groups. This species is very easily domesticated. It is nocturnal.
2. Birds: The hawks are represented by many species, especially the hawk tijerero or puella (Elanoides forficatus) real condors, or king of the vultures and many other species of hawks. The largest and most beautiful eagle is an eagle monera (Oroaetus isidori), hunting monkeys, turkeys and squirrels in the tree crowns.
Of Wild Turkeys, relatives of our chickens, there's pucacunga (Penelope jacquacu), the garaco or manacaracos (Ortalis guttata), the pinsha (Chamaepetes goudotii) and black guan (Aburria abuni).
Of the 112 species of hummingbirds, nineteen are endemic to the high forest. The most beautiful is the hummingbird admirable (Marvelous mirabilis) of the mountain forests.
Among the most beautiful birds, are the pilco or trogones (Pharomacrus and Trogon), with metallic gloss colors green, blue and purple. The Clockmaker (Momotus momota) has two feathers in the queue too long. The tunqui or cock of the rock (Rupicola peruviana), Peru's national bird, lives in rocky areas and will be described later.
Very characteristic birds are the orioles that build nests neatly woven fibers. Species are gregarious, omnivorous, and very noisy. Belong to the family of ictétiros (jaundice = yellow, in Greek), characterized by having yellow feathers on the tail, which provide guidance to the flock.
3. Reptiles: Two species of snakes are endemic to the high jungle: the Lamon, and the Velvet mattress of the high jungle of Cuzco, Machu Picchu in particular. They are also several species of lizards.
Here is a list of the most common rainforest animals:
- Black Panther
- Malayan Tapir
- Howler Monkey
- Bengal Tiger
- Nosed Cusimanse
- Amazon Dolphin
- Clouded Leopard